In this article, we will explore the different roles nurses play in the healthcare system. The truth is that nurses are hardworking, essential individuals who make a huge difference in the lives of many every day.
What is the role of nurses in medical arts field?
The truth is that there is a lot of confusion over exactly what nurses do in the medical field. With so many areas and terms to describe, it is no wonder that many people are unclear about how the healthcare system actually works. In order to clear up the confusion, we will look at different types of nurses, as well as the role each plays in medicine.
Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)
Licensed practical nurse prides itself on being a classic jack of all trades and master of none. LPNs work in all areas of the medical field other than surgery, but their primary focus is helping people to recover from illnesses or injuries. They provide basic medical care to patients and do not perform surgeries or procedures.
Their job is to assist the doctor or nurse in conducting examinations, administering tests, and giving medications. They also help clean wounds and dressings to reduce infection, as well as wash out blood from instruments. LPNs specialize in basic health maintenance such as taking temperature measurements or drawing blood for lab analysis. They can be found working in emergency rooms, convalescent hospitals, mental health centers, pediatric wards, home health care agencies and nursing homes.
What is the role of nurses in healthcare?
The excellent skill sets required to qualify for this position has expanded its work duties. LPNs who specialize in one area of healthcare work can focus their careers in other areas, such as emergency care, pediatric nursing or geriatric care.
Practical nurses are also an essential part of a nursing staff, and have a set of responsibilities that ensure the welfare of patients. Some positions that practical nurses fill include:
Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNS) are individuals who provide direct hands-on care to patients on treatment plans written by physicians and surgeons. They are typically certified or licensed to practice one discipline within nursing field. CNSs have skills that allow them to perform procedures not usually performed by nursing staff , such as inserting catheters, performing joint injections, inserting chest tubes and administering medication intravenously . In order to become a clinical nurse specialist, the practitioner must complete an associate or four year bachelor’s degree program, as well as have extensive clinical experience.
These nurses are on the front lines of healthcare, working in hospitals and nursing homes, and are often responsible for supervising the nursing staff. Depending on where they work, they may be required to implement and monitor treatment plans written by physicians. They assess patient conditions and determine how patients should be treated. They are also responsible for hiring qualified staff. Some examples of management duties include:
Certified Nurse Midwife
Certified nurse-midwives provide care to women during pregnancy, labor and immediately after delivery of their baby. They are responsible for delivery of the baby if the mother requests, and also provide care for new mothers after delivery. They may also prescribe medication to help with common complications during pregnancy and childbirth, including anemia, hypertension and gestational diabetes.
Nurse Practitioner (NP)
Nurse practitioners focus on providing preventative care to patients who are healthy. They typically work in clinics or hospitals in outpatient settings, seeing hundreds of patients each year. Their job is to treat illnesses that do not require hospitalization such as gynecological problems and minor injuries. Some nurse practitioners may also be involved in teaching medical art students and residents how to treat patients with certain illnesses.
Registered Nurse (RN)
Registered nurses work in all areas of healthcare. Their job is to provide treatment and care to patients who are afflicted with illnesses or injuries, as well as provide care for those who are undergoing routine medical treatments. They work in hospitals, clinics, nursing homes and doctors offices. RNs must undergo extensive training in order to become a licensed practitioner, including completion of an associate or bachelor’s degree in nursing program as well as passing a national exam.
School nurses are responsible for providing basic health services for children who attend school, such as administering medication and tending to minor injuries. They work with children who are experiencing challenges outside of the classroom, such as juvenile diabetes, asthma or encephalitis. In some cases, they may also be responsible for administering immunizations to students.
Emergency Room Nurses
In emergency rooms, nurses play a crucial role in helping patients who have been injured or are experiencing an acute illness. Patients suffering from any number of conditions may be rushed to an emergency room, including heart attack victims and gunshot wounds. Many nurses in this role work rotating 24-hour shifts on ambulance units or in intensive care units that keep patients who are experiencing traumatic injuries alive until more advanced treatment can be provided by hospital staff.
Intensive Care Unit Nurses
Intensive care unit nurses provide some of the most specialized treatments available. They work in the highest acuity areas of hospitals and nursing homes, caring for patients who are severely ill or injured. The patients they treat may be going through open heart surgery or may be experiencing a severe stroke. Most work 12-hour shifts and must remain alert at all times during their shift, caring for as many as 10 different patients in a single shift.
Nurses are an important part of healthcare team. In order to become an LPN, you must first complete an accredited practical nurse program that is approved by your state’s board of nursing. In medical arts field, there is a shortage of nurses. To assist in the shortage, students who are interested in graduate school may pursue a master of public health degree or a medical research and education specialization.